This TarawÃ®h begins from the last quarter off the fourteenth Juz (from verse 90 of SÃ»rah Nahl) and terminates at the end of the fifteenth Juz (verse 74 of SÃ»rah Kahf)
This TarawÃ®h commences with the verse â€œVerily AllÃ¢h instructs justice, good and giving to relatives. And AllÃ¢h forbids lewdness, evil and oppression. He advises you so that you may take heed.â€ AllÃ¢h also commands people to fulfil their pledges and their oaths, and not to accept bribes. AllÃ¢h promises all Muâ€™minÃ®n men and women who carry out good acts that He will grant them a pure and comfortable life in this world and full reward for their acts in the Ã‚khirÃ¢h.
Thereafter, AllÃ¢h instructs the Muslims that they should always seek refuge with AllÃ¢h from ShaytÃ¢n when they commence recitation of the Qurâ€™Ã¢n. AllÃ¢h also advises, â€œCall to the path of your Rabb with wisdom and good counsel; and dispute with them (the KuffÃ¢r) in a manner that is best (SÃ»rah Nahl, verse 125). At the end of the SÃ»rah, AllÃ¢h tells RasulullÃ¢h that he should not be grieved about what the enemies of IslÃ¢m do because AllÃ¢h will certainly assist him to overcome all the hurdles they place before him.
End of the Fourteenth Juz
Beginning of the Fifteenth Juz
SÃ»rah Bani Israâ€™Ã®l follows SÃ»rah Nahl as the seventeenth SÃ»rah of the Qurâ€™Ã¢n. AllÃ¢h took RasuluilÃ¢h SallallÃ¢hu â€˜alayhi wasallam on the miraculous journey of Miâ€™rÃ¢j, when AllÃ¢h showed him great signs of His power. It was on this journey that AllÃ¢h made the five daily SalÃ¢h obligatory on all Muslims. This blessed SÃ»rah also contains the 14 guidelines by which the life of a Muslim can be most fulfilling. These are:
1. Worship only AllÃ¢h.
2. Treat parents kindly.
3. Fulfil the rights of relatives, the poor and travellers.
4. Never be wasteful.
5. If you cannot be of assistance to a person in need, inform him kindly.
6. Be neither miserly nor extravagant, but choose a path between the two.
7. Never kill your children for fear of poverty.
8. Never even come close to fornication or adultery.
9. Never slay a person without a legal warrant.
10. Never misuse the wealth of an orphan.
11. Always keep your word.
12. Never cheat in weight and measure.
13. Never talk about anything that you have not verified.
14. Never walk with pride.
The Tahajjud SalÃ¢h is made compulsory for RasulullÃ¢h SallallÃ¢hu â€˜alayhi wasallam in this SÃ»rah Bani IsrÃ¢â€™Ã®l. AllÃ¢h also announces: â€œSay, â€˜The truth has arrived and falsehood has vanished. Indeed, falsehood was bound to disappear.â€™â€ (verse 81)
Thereafter AllÃ¢h speaks about Hadhrat MÃ»sa his miracles, and his preaching to Firâ€™aun. The eventual destruction of Firâ€™aun is also mentioned. AllÃ¢h says further, â€œWe have revealed it (the Qurâ€™Ã¢n) with the truth, and with the truth did it comeâ€ (verse 105). Awestruck by the grandeur of the Qurâ€™Ã¢n, men of knowledge prostrate when they hear the Qurâ€™Ã¢n and the Qurâ€™Ã¢n increases their humility.
The very last verse of the SÃ»rah declares, â€œSay, All praise is for AllÃ¢h, Who has not taken a child, has no partner in sovereignty and does not require an assistant due to any weakness. And declare His greatness in abundance.â€ (verse 111)
SÃ»rah Kahf follows SÃ»rah Bani Israâ€™Ã®l. The part of SÃ»rah Kahaf which is recited in this TarawÃ®h includes the incident of the men of the cave and Hadhrat MÃ»sa meeting with Hadhrat Khidr The 11 men of the caveâ€ were a group of young men who were deeply affected by the depravity around them and decided to leave their town. Since the only shelter they could find outside their town was a cave, they entered it. AllÃ¢h cast them all into a deep sleep that lasted approximately three hundred years. During this period, their dog lay watch at the mouth of the cave. Eventually, the evil and corruption that existed in their town gave way to a decent government of Muâ€™minÃ®n. By the time they woke up, everything had changed. It was not long after that they learnt about the situation that they all passed away in the very same cave. They will now awaken only on the Day of QiyÃ¢mah.
This SÃ»rah also makes mention of the wisdom in AllÃ¢hâ€™s system of control, which he showed Hadhrat MÃ»sa Alayhis SalÃ¢m via Hadhrat Khidr Alayhis SalÃ¢m. As the two travelled, Hadhrat Khidr Alayhis SalÃ¢m damaged the boat of some poor people, killed an innocent looking young boy, and bolstered a failing wall of some people who had behaved inhospitably towards them. Hadhrat MÃ»sa was unable to restrain his emotions as he saw these acts and objected to each of them. Finally, Hadhrat Khidr Alayhis SalÃ¢m explained to him that AllÃ¢h had commanded each act and that there was good in every act even though they appeared to be dreadful.
AllÃ¢h also declares in the SÃ»rah: â€œWe have undoubtedly expounded all types of subjects in the Qurâ€™Ã¢n for people. Man has always been the worst disputantâ€ (verse 54). Man has always contested what AllÃ¢h has revealed to His AmbiyÃ¢ and refuses to accept it. The Qurâ€™Ã¢n contains ethical teachings so that people with understanding may ponder over them and learn lessons from them.
Among these teachings are the incidents of the men of the cave and of Hadhrat MÃ»sa May AllÃ¢h grant us deep insight and understanding. Ã‚mÃ®n.