This summary, of the fifth TarawÃ®h covers the entire sixth Juz together with the first quarter of the seventh (up to verse 115 of SÃ»rah MÃ¢â€™idah).
One of the central themes of SÃ»rah MÃ¢â€™idah is that the laws of the SharÃ®â€˜ah must be revered and upheld. In explaining this, the following injunctions have been highlighted:
1. Hunting is prohibited after entering into the ihrÃ¢m.
2. HalÃ¢l animals may be consumed only when they are slaughtered in AllÃ¢hâ€™s name. Carrion is HarÃ¢m, as is the flesh of:
Â· those animals that have been slaughtered in the name of any being besides AllÃ¢h,
Â· those animals that have been throttled,
Â· those that were beaten to death,
Â· those that fell to their deaths,
Â· those killed by collision, and
Â· those that died after being attacked by wild beasts.
3. AllÃ¢h tells man that he should never attempt to foretell the future by means of omens and other means of divining because such acts are the practice of sinners. All good and evil are in AllÃ¢hâ€™s control. AllÃ¢h tells the Muslims that they should have firm faith in their DÃ®n of IslÃ¢m which AllÃ¢h has perfected, thereby completing His enormous bounty on them. Therefore, Muslims should uphold the sanctity of IslÃ¢mic injunctions and critically distinguish between the lawful and the unlawful. Muslims are enjoined to abstain from evil and to be grateful.
SÃ»rah MÃ¢â€™idah contains laws that relate to manâ€™s religious, civil, social and political life. This SÃ»rah contains detailed guidance about:
Â· The etiquette of the Hajj journey
Â· Revering the landmarks of DÃ®n
Â· The perimeters of HalÃ¢l and HarÃ¢m
Â· Marriage and interaction with the Ahlul KitÃ¢b [Jews and Christians] Â· The laws of Wudhu, Ghusl and Tayammum
Â· Dealing with rebellion
Â· The punishment for robbery and theft
Â· The prohibition of liquor and gambling
Â· The KafÃ¢ra [atonement] for breaking vows and
Â· The detailed laws concerning testimony
AllÃ¢h ordains that the hand of a male or female thief is to be cut off. The Muslims are also warned against taking the Jews and Christians as friends. AllÃ¢h makes it clear that the belief in the â€˜Trinityâ€™ constitutes kufr and that enmity and hatred for the Muslims have been entrenched into the hearts of the KuffÃ¢r until QiyÃ¢mah.
AllÃ¢h entreats RasulullÃ¢h Sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam, not to be grieved about the disbelief of the KuffÃ¢r because he is not responsible for them. SÃ»rah MÃ¢â€™idah also states that Jannah is forbidden for the MushrikÃ®n and that oppressors will have none to aid them against AllÃ¢h. AllÃ¢h says that those people of the past who adhered to the divine religions of their times will attain salvation if they firmly believed in AllÃ¢h and in the Day of QiyÃ¢mah.
End of the Sixth Juz
Beginning of the Seventh Juz
AllÃ¢h also draws manâ€™s attention to the fact that the person who forbids something that AllÃ¢h has permitted will be guilty of following his carnal desires [his nafs] instead of AllÃ¢hâ€™s injunctions. An example of this is the concept of monasticism that the Christians devised by which they would totally forsake the world and forbid themselves HalÃ¢l pleasures. This concept is incorrect and impermissible.
AllÃ¢h also reminds the Muâ€™minÃ®n that they will be taken to task for every oath that they fail to fulfil. The KafÃ¢ra [atonement] for breaching such a promise is that a person should either feed ten poor people, clothe them, set a slave free or fast for three days. AllÃ¢h also urges Muslims not to take intoxicants, not to gamble and not to divine the future. AllÃ¢h declares these acts to be HarÃ¢m (temptations) of ShaytÃ¢n.
SÃ»rah MÃ¢â€™idah mentions how AllÃ¢h will question every NabÃ® about his nation. They will declare that they only did as they were told and that AllÃ¢h alone knows the reality of all hidden matters. The SÃ»rah also mentions the penalty for hunting an animal while in the state of IhrÃ¢m. Of course, every such situation has its own unique set of circumstances, which will necessitate a unique ruling. These matters should be referred to the men of knowledge.