This summary of the second TarawÃ®h begins at the second quarter of the second Juz and concludes midway into the third Juz (at verse 18 of SÃ»rah Ã‚l ImrÃ¢n).
To a very large extent, SÃ»rah Baqara discusses the complete message of IslÃ¢m, dealing with matters such as the rights of AllÃ¢h, the rights of man, the method of living and the principles of social interaction. It also outlines laws pertaining to SalÃ¢h, ZakÃ¢h and Haj. In addition to this, charity, social welfare, mutual consultation, marriage, divorce, Iddah [waiting period after a woman is divorced or widowed], bequests, commerce and giving loans are also discussed. The SÃ»rah also presents many commands and prohibitions, devoting much attention to matters that are permissible and those that are not. These may be referred to as a complete code of life.
The details of ImÃ¢n and the criteria of ImÃ¢n are also discussed in this part of the SÃ»rah. AllÃ¢h emphasises that people should believe in AllÃ¢h, His Rasul it, the Day of QiyÃ¢mah, the angels, all His other AmbiyÃ¢ Alayhimus SalÃ¢m and all the Divine Scriptures that were revealed to various AmbiyÃ¢ Alayhimus SalÃ¢m during their respective periods. AllÃ¢h also commands Muslims to spend generously on their parents, relatives, the poor, orphans, travellers and those slaves who wish to purchase their freedom.
AllÃ¢h commands that a murderer be executed [QisÃ¢s]. However, if the heirs of the murdered person choose to rather accept the blood money, it will have to be paid. Fasting is ordained in this SÃ»rah, but people who are unable to fast have been granted certain concessions. AllÃ¢h makes it clear that marriage of Muslims to MushrikÃ®n men and women is prohibited. In addition to this, the SÃ»rah makes it clear that children are allowed to be suckled for a maximum period of two years.
End of Second Juz
Beginning of Third Juz
AllÃ¢h declares all interest-related transactions to be undeniably HarÃ¢m towards the end of SÃ»rah Baqara. The SÃ»rah also relates the incidents of two AmbiyÃ¢ Alayhimus SalÃ¢m whose hearts AllÃ¢h put at ease when He demonstrated to them how He resurrects the dead. Throughout SÃ»rah Baqara, AllÃ¢h repeatedly emphasises the importance of pondering over the verses of the Qurâ€™Ã¢n. At the very end of the SÃ»rah, AllÃ¢h teaches man the method of making duâ€™Ã¢ as well as the words to be used.
The first eighteen verses of SÃ»rah Ã‚l ImrÃ¢n make it clear that only AllÃ¢h is worthy of worship, that the Day of QiyÃ¢mah will certainly dawn and that the people will definitely be rewarded and punished for their actions. AllÃ¢h tells mankind that the Qurâ€™Ã¢n was revealed to distinguish between truth and falsehood. AllÃ¢h also speaks of the Battle of Badr in this SÃ»rah. If the Muâ€™minÃ®n were to ponder about the stunning victory that the Muslims earned in this battle, they can learn volumes about AllÃ¢hâ€™s power. The true Muâ€™minÃ®n are defined as people who persevere through hardships, who spend their wealth in AllÃ¢hâ€™s way and awaken during the latter part of the night to beg pardon from AllÃ¢h.