The twenty-third Juz is recited in this the 10 TarawÃ®h. It includes the remainder of SÃ»rah YÃ¢-SÃ®n, SÃ»rah SÃ¢ffÃ¢t, SÃ»rah SÃ¢d and a part of SÃ»rah Zumar.
The Juz begins with words that every person should actually ask himself, â€œWhy should I not worship the One Who has created me, and to Whom you all shall return?â€ (verse 22)
AllÃ¢h also declares, â€œWhat anguish about My bondsmen! They mock every NabÃ® that comes to them. Have they not seen (or have they forgotten) how many were the nations that We destroyed before them? They will certainly never return to them. They will all be present before Us collectivelyâ€ (verses 30 to 32)
Thereafter, AllÃ¢h mentions numerous phenomena that denote His great creative ability. Mention of Jahannam and Jannah follow, when AllÃ¢h says, â€˜Verily the people of Jannah will be joyous in their occupation on this day (of QiyÃ¢mah)â€ (verse 55). AllÃ¢h concludes this glorious SÃ»rah by saying, â€œPure is that Being in Whose hand lies the reins of everything, and to Whom you will all be returned.â€ (verse 83)
SÃ»rah SÃ¢ffÃ¢t follows SÃ»rah YÃ¢-SÃ®n. AllÃ¢h opens the SÃ»rah by taking several oaths and declaring that He is the only Master and Controller of the universe and that His system is free from the interference of the ShayÃ¢tÃ®n. On the Day of QiyÃ¢mah, the MushrikÃ®n will become fuel for the fire of Jahannam along with their idols and gods.
AllÃ¢h then mentions how Hadhrat IbrahÃ®m Alayhis SalÃ¢m and his son Hadhrat Ismaâ€™Ã®l Alayhis SalÃ¢m were successful in the trial that AllÃ¢h put them through when He commanded Hadhrat IbrahÃ®m Alayhis SalÃ¢m to sacrifice Hadhrat Ismaâ€™Ã®l Alayhis SalÃ¢m. At the last moment, AllÃ¢h replaced Hadhrat Ismaâ€™Ã®l Alayhis SalÃ¢m with a ram from Jannah and the act of sacrificing an animal was made a practice for all Hadhrat IbrahÃ®mâ€™s SallallÃ¢hu â€˜alayhi wasallam progeny to emulate.
After making brief mention of a few AmbiyÃ¢, AllÃ¢h says, â€œYunus was certainly from the Ambiyaâ€ (verse 139). Thereafter, AllÃ¢h recounts the epic of Hadhrat Yunus who grew weary of his peopleâ€™s rejection and left the town without AllÃ¢hâ€™s permission. When he undertook a journey by sea, a huge fish swallowed him whole. While in the fishâ€™s stomach He repented to AllÃ¢h and AllÃ¢h forgave him. AllÃ¢h removed him from the fishâ€™s belly and returned him to land.
SÃ»rah SÃ¢d follows SÃ»rah SÃ¢ffÃ¢t. AllÃ¢h speaks of the obstinacy and pride of the MushrikÃ®n who did not want to accept the truth and refused even to listen to RasulullÃ¢h SallallÃ¢hu â€˜alayhi wasallam. AllÃ¢h says that it is strange that â€œThey are surprised that a warner has come from among them.â€ (verse 4)
AllÃ¢h then reminds man of the various nations of the past that were destroyed on account of their sins so that people do not follow in their footsteps. AllÃ¢h also exhorts RasulullÃ¢h t. to patiently bear the harassment of the KuffÃ¢r. The SÃ»rah then proceeds to recount an incident in the life of Hadhrat DawÃ»d when AllÃ¢h tested him by making him judge a dispute between two persons. When he realised that it was a test from AllÃ¢h, he fell down in prostration before AllÃ¢h and begged forgiveness.
The incident of Hadhrat AyyÃ»b Alayhis SalÃ¢m, follows that of Hadhrat Dawood Alayhis SalÃ¢m and another of Hadhrat SulaymÃ¢n AllÃ¢h speaks about the severe illness that afflicted Hadhrat AyyÃ»b Alayhis SalÃ¢m which he endured with tremendous perseverance. AllÃ¢h then talks about certain other AmbiyÃ¢, all of whom AllÃ¢h says were â€œfrom the very best.â€ (verse 48)
Thereafter, AllÃ¢h mentions that He granted IblÃ®s respite to live until the Day of QiyÃ¢mah. Although he will mislead mankind, he will have no power to mislead those whom AllÃ¢h has specially selected.
SÃ»rah Zumar follows SÃ»rah SÃ¢d and explains that AllÃ¢h will not guide people who lie and who refuse to believe. The SÃ»rah also emphasises that AllÃ¢h has not taken anyone as His son. AllÃ¢h is Alone, Omnipotent and does not require anything from the creation. Every person will have to account for his own doings when people are returned to AllÃ¢h on the Day of QiyÃ¢mah.
AllÃ¢h says that the Qurâ€™Ã¢n is a book of advice and guidance which contains subject matter that is clear and without crookedness. By heeding its teachings, misguided people may be rightly guided and may save themselves from a grievous punishment.