This begins from the last quarter of the nineteenth Juz (from verse 7 of SÃ»rah Naml) and finishes off at the end of the twentieth Juz (verse 44 of SÃ»rah AnkabÃ»t).
AllÃ¢h relates the detail incidents of Hadhrat DawÃ»d and Hadhrat SulaymÃ¢n. The stories of these two illustrious AmbiyÃ¢ begin with verse 15 where AllÃ¢h says, â€œWe granted knowledge to DawÃ»d and SulaymÃ¢n.â€ Among the many bounties that AllÃ¢h conferred on them was that He taught them the language of the birds and also granted them control over the Jinn, humans, animals and birds. AllÃ¢h recounts these incidents so that people may learn lessons and realise the power of AllÃ¢h.
End of the Nineteenth Juz
Beginning of the Twentieth Juz
AllÃ¢h also declares, â€œSay, â€˜None in the heavens and the earth has knowledge of the unseen besides AllÃ¢h. They (others besides AllÃ¢h) do not even know when they will be resurrected (for the Day of QiyÃ¢mah)â€ (verse 65). None besides AllÃ¢h has knowledge of when QiyÃ¢mah will take place. However people are assured that â€œIndeed your Rabb knows what their hearts conceal and what they disclose.â€ (verse 74)
Towards the end of SÃ»rah Naml, AllÃ¢h describes the scene of QiyÃ¢mah when He says, â€œThe day when the trumpet will be blown and all within the heavens and the earth will be terrified, except those whom AllÃ¢h wills. They will all come to AllÃ¢h in humility. You will look at the mountains, thinking them to be solid, but they will be passing by like clouds. This is the doing of AllÃ¢h, Who perfects everything. Indeed He is informed of what you do. Whoever brings a good act, shall receive something better. And they will be safe from the terror of that day. Whoever brings a sin, they will fall on their faces in the Fire. â€˜You are only recompensed for what you have perpetrated.â€â€˜ (verses 87 to 90)
In concluding the SÃ»rah, AllÃ¢h assures man, â€œYour Rabb is not unaware of what you do.â€ (verse 93). Every person should therefore be wary of whatever s/he does.
SÃ»rah QasÃ¢s commences after SÃ»rah Naml and recounts the entire incident of Hadhrat MÃ»sa and Firâ€™oun. The SÃ»rah also makes mention of QÃ¢run and his immense fortune, which caused him to become extremely arrogant. As a result of his attitude, AllÃ¢h caused the ground to swallow him up along with all his wealth. AllÃ¢h then tells RasulullÃ¢h SalallÃ¢hu â€˜alayhi wasallam that he is informed of these narratives so that he may caution the KuffÃ¢r. If they take heed, they stand a chance of being saved from AllÃ¢hâ€™s terrible punishment. If not, they stand to face an awful doom.
AllÃ¢h then prompts the KuffÃ¢r to thihk a while. AllÃ¢h says, â€œSay, â€˜Tell me. If AllÃ¢h makes the night perpetual for you until the Day of QiyÃ¢mah, which deity besides Him can bring light to you? Can you not hear?â€™ Say, â€˜Tell me. If AllÃ¢h makes the day perpetual for you until the Day of QiyÃ¢rnah, which deity besides Him can bring night to you, wherein you may find peace? Can you not see?â€ (verses 71-72). AllÃ¢h states further in verse 73, â€œDue to His mercy, He has created the day and the night for you so that you may find peace therein, seek from His bounty, and express your gratitude to Him.â€
AllÃ¢h exhorts RasulullÃ¢h not to be grieved about the opposition that the KuffÃ¢r pose because everything in this world is temporary. To highlight the transitory nature of the effects of this world, AllÃ¢h cites the example of QÃ¢run. His people advised him saying, â€œDo not be boastful, for verily AllÃ¢h does not like the boastful ones.â€ (verse 76)
AllÃ¢h says further, â€œSo he (QÃ¢run) emerged among his people in pomp and splendour. Those who desired the world gaped, â€˜If only we also possessed what QÃ¢run has! Undoubtedly, he is extremely fortunate.â€™ Those who were granted knowledge said, â€˜Woe to you! AllÃ¢hâ€™s rewards are better for the one who believes and does good acts. Only the patient ones shall receive thisâ€™ (verses 79 and 80). As a result of his pride and failure to fulfil the obligatory rights of his riches, AllÃ¢h â€˜plunged QÃ¢run and his home within the ground.â€™â€ (verse 81)
This incident proves that everything besides AllÃ¢h shall perish even though a thing may seem great and powerful. SÃ»rah QasÃ¢s ends on the note of TauhÃ®d where AllÃ¢h says, â€œDo not call to another deity with AllÃ¢h. There is none worthy of worship but Him. Everything shall perish besides His Countenance. All decisions rest with Him and to Him shall you all be returned.â€ (verse 88)
SÃ»rah AnkabÃ»t follows SÃ»rah QasÃ¢s and it beautifully distinguishes between the true Muâ€™minÃ®n and the MunÃ¢fiqÃ®n as well as between those who are true and those who are false. The narratives of many AmbiyÃ¢ are also related. AllÃ¢h begins the SÃ»rah by stating, â€œDo people think that they will be left to say, â€˜We believe!â€™ without being tested? We certainly tested those before them, and AllÃ¢h will definitely know about those who are true and He will definitely know the liars.â€ (verses 2-3)
Although AllÃ¢h has commanded man to be obedient to his parents, AllÃ¢h mentions in this SÃ»rah that parents should not be obeyed if they attempt to induce one to forsake IslÃ¢m. â€œThe creation cannot be obeyed if the Creator would be disobeyed.â€ AllÃ¢h says, â€œThe disbelievers say to the believers, â€˜Follow our way and we will bear the burden of your sins.â€™ They will not carry any part of their sins. They are certain liars.â€ (verse 12)
AllÃ¢h then cites the incident of Hadhrat NÃ»h who preached to his nation for 950 years. Despite his tireless efforts, the vast majority of them refused to accept his message and were eventually drowned in the flood. AllÃ¢h then speaks of the annihilation of the nations of Hadhrat IbrahÃ®m Alayhis SalÃ¢m Hadhrat LÃ»t Alayhis SalÃ¢m and Hadhrat Shuâ€™ayb Alayhis SalÃ¢m.
There are many lessons that the Muâ€™minÃ®n may learn from all these narratives. May AllÃ¢h bless us with fear for Him, humility and abstinence. May AllÃ¢h save us from the evils of pride, arrogance and boastfulness; and imbue the belief of TauhÃ®d within us. May He grant us the ability to exercise patience when tested and faced with adversities. Ã‚mÃ®n.
End of the Twentieth Juz