This TarawÃ®h begins from the second quarter of the seventeenth Juz (from verse 51 of SÃ»rah Ambiyah and ends halfway into the Juz (verse 21 of SÃ»rah NÃ»r).
In the remaining verses of SÃ»rah AmbiyÃ¢, AllÃ¢h discusses the various AmbiyÃ¢ from Hadhrat IbrahÃ®m Alayhis SalÃ¢m to Hadhrat ÃŽsa Alayhis SalÃ¢m. Thereafter, AllÃ¢h says about RasulullÃ¢h SallallÃ¢hu â€˜alayhi wasallam, â€œWe have sent you as a mercy to the universe.â€ (verse 107). The next verse declares TauhÃ®d when AllÃ¢h instructs RasulullÃ¢h SallallÃ¢hu â€˜alayhi wasallam to â€œSay, â€˜It has been revealed to me that your deity is but One Deity. So will you submit to this?â€
SÃ»rah Haj follows SÃ»rah AmbiyÃ¢ and opens with a reminder of QiyÃ¢mah. AllÃ¢h says, â€œOh people! Fear your Rabb. The earthquake of QiyÃ¢mah is a tremendous thing indeed. The day when you will witness it, every nursing mother will forget her suckling infant and every pregnant woman will abort (because of intense fear). And you will see people in a drunken stupor whereas they will not be drunk, but AllÃ¢hâ€™s punishment is severe.â€ (verses 1 and 2)
AllÃ¢h also cautions those Muâ€™minÃ®n whose faith is weak that they should make a concerted effort to strengthen their ImÃ¢n and carry out good acts so that the welfare of their lives in this world and in the Ã‚khirÃ¢h is not jeopardised. AllÃ¢h says that it was Hadhrat IbrahÃ®m who termed this Ummah as Muslimeen. AllÃ¢h also mentions the Kaâ€™bah and instructs man to â€œperform tawÃ¢f around the â€˜Baitul AtÃ®qâ€™ (the Kaâ€™bah).â€ (verse 29)
Thereafter, certain rites of Haj are mentioned, about which AllÃ¢h states, â€œAnd whoever honours AllÃ¢hâ€™s signs, then this is due to the Taqwa of hearts (verse 32). With regard to sacrificial animals on the occasion of Haj AllÃ¢h says, â€œTheir flesh and blood will never reach AllÃ¢h, but it is your Taqwa that will reach Himâ€ (verse 37).
AllÃ¢h concludes SÃ»rah Hajj with the following message to the Muslims: â€œOh you who believe, bow, prostrate, worship your Rabb and carry out good acts so that you may be successful. Strive for AllÃ¢h with the endeavour that is His right. He has chosen you and has not placed any hardship upon in religion. Follow the creed of your father, IbrahÃ®m. It was he who named you Muslims from before and in this Qurâ€™Ã¢n, so that the NabÃ®â€™.0â€™â€‘â€‘ be a witness over you people, and that you be witnesses over mankind. So establish SalÃ¢h, pay zakÃ¢h and hold fast to (the rope of) AllÃ¢h. He is your Protecting Friend. The Best Protecting Friend and the Best Helperâ€ (verses 77/8).
End of the Seventeeth Juz
Beginning of the Eighteeth Juz
These concluding words of SÃ»rah Haj draw the seventeenth Juz to a close and open SÃ»rah Muâ€™minÃ»n. At the beginning of SÃ»rah Muâ€™minÃ»n, AllÃ¢h describes those Muâ€™minÃ®n whose beliefs are correct, who worship AllÃ¢h diligently and are also particular about fulfilling the rights of others. In describing the qualities of the Muâ€™minÃ®n, AllÃ¢h exhorts all the Muâ€™minÃ®n that they should sincerely worship Him, fulfil the promises and pledges they make with others and abstain from all acts of lechery. These are among the acts that will lead to eternal success.
After discussing the qualities of the Muâ€™minÃ®n, AllÃ¢h discusses the signs that denote His greatness and His onene6s. Among these signs, AllÃ¢h mentions the creation of man, the creation of the heavens and the earth, as well as the various plants and animals together with the milk that AllÃ¢h produces from their bellies. All these blessings denote AllÃ¢hâ€™s all encompassing mercy and compassion towards His creation, which should spur man to accept the belief of TauhÃ®d.
AllÃ¢h then cites the incident of Hadhrat NÃ»h Alayhis SalÃ¢m so that people may learn that success lies in following the teachings of AllÃ¢hâ€™s AmbiyÃ¢. AllÃ¢h also urges the Muâ€™minÃ®n not to destroy their acts by being proud and that their hearts should always be apprehensive of returning to AllÃ¢h for reckoning. Further describing the qualities of the Muâ€™minÃ®n AllÃ¢h says, â€œThese people hasten to perform good acts and are the forerunners in this.â€ (verse 61)
AllÃ¢h states an important rule when He says, â€œWe do not burden any soul more than it can bearâ€ (verse 62). AllÃ¢h also tells RasulullÃ¢h SallallÃ¢hu â€˜alayhi wasallam that the KuffÃ¢r will never cease to oppose him until their deaths, when they will regret their ways. However, then it will be too late.
The 24th SÃ»rah of the Qurâ€™Ã¢n, SÃ»rah NÃ»r, commences after SÃ»rah Muâ€™minÃ»n and contains verses that are pertinent to the morality of society. A gist of the SÃ»rah is contained in the following twelve points:
1. A hundred lashes are to be given to any unmarried man or woman guilty of fornication.
2. Men and women guilty of fornication should be ostracised from society and none should marry them.
3. Eighty lashes should be metered out to anyone who accuses another of adultery or fornication without the required proof.
4. If a husband or a wife accuses their partner of adultery, each should take four oaths in AllÃ¢hâ€™s name that s/he is truthful and that the other is lying. A fifth oath should then be taken by each of them invoking AllÃ¢hâ€™s on curse him/her if s/he is lying.
5. â€œUnchaste women are for unchaste men and unchaste men are for unchaste women. Pure women are for pure men and pure men are for pure women. These people are innocent of what the slanderers say. Theirs is forgiveness and a bounteous reward.â€ (verse 26)
6. An accused person will be regarded as innocent until proven guilty.
7. Never enter another personâ€™s home without permission.
8. Men and women should neither stare at each other nor steal secretive glances at each other.
9. Women must never display their charms before men who are not close family members (Mahram).
10. IslÃ¢m does not approve of spending oneâ€™s life as a bachelor or a spinster.
11. During times of privacy, not even children are allowed to enter any personâ€™s room without permission.
12. When the blind or paralysed eat from the homes of relatives without permission, it will not be regarded as theft.
AllÃ¢h also discusses the incident of the slander against Hadhrat Ã‚â€™isha RadiallÃ¢hu anha. In SÃ»rah NÃ»r AllÃ¢h refutes the allegation of adultery that the MunÃ¢fiqÃ®n attributed to Hadhrat Ã‚â€™isha RadiallÃ¢hu anhu and warned the Muâ€™minÃ®n that they should never accept such rumours in future.
May AllÃ¢h grant us all the guidance to practise the teachings of IslÃ¢m and refrain from immoral acts, slander, evil glances and all other sins. Ã‚mÃ®n.