This eleventh commences from the second half of the thirteenth Juz (verse 19 of SÃ»rah Raâ€™d) and ends threeâ€‘quarters into the fourteenth Juz (verse 89 of SÃ»rah Nahl).
AllÃ¢h declares, â€œDue to their evil acts, some calamity will always afflict the disbelievers, or descend close to their homes until AllÃ¢hâ€™s promise (QiyÃ¢mah) comes.â€ (SÃ»rah Raâ€™d, verse 31). AllÃ¢h also mentions that although the KuffÃ¢r are continuously plotting, the final decision in any matter always rests with AllÃ¢h. AllÃ¢h is Aware of whatever they do and will take them to task for their evil actions.
SÃ»rah IbrahÃ®m follows SÃ»rah Raâ€™d. This SÃ»rah also begins with mention of the Qurâ€™Ã¢n. AllÃ¢h says, â€œThis is h Book that We revealed to you to remove people from the multitude of darkness, taking them towards light, by the command of your Rabb to the path of The Mighty, The One Worthy of praise. The SÃ»rah proceeds to establish the Prophethood of RasulullÃ¢h SallallÃ¢hu â€˜alayhi wasallam after which belief in TauhÃ®d is discussed. To emphasise the concept of TawhÃ®d AllÃ¢h cites the incidents of Hadhrat MÃ»sa and Hadhrat IbrahÃ®m The SÃ»rah also condemns kufr and shirk by means of examples.
AllÃ¢h quotes the duâ€™Ã¢ of Hadhrat IbrahÃ®m in this SÃ»rah when he supplicated to AllÃ¢h saying, â€œO our Rabb! I have settled my children in a valley that cannot be cultivated, close to Your sacred house. Oh our Rabb! So that they establish SalÃ¢h, so cause some hearts of people to be inclined towards them. And provide for them fruits for their sustenance so that they may be grateful. Oh our Rabb! Indeed You know what we conceal and what we disclose. Nothing in the heavens and the earth is hidden from AllÃ¢hâ€™ (verse 37/8). The duâ€™Ã¢s of Hadhrat IbrahÃ®m teach us to include AllÃ¢hâ€™s praises in our duâ€™Ã¢s so that they are more readily accepted. After discussing the incident of Hadhrat IbrahÃ®m AllÃ¢h urges the people of Makkah to learn a lesson from the narratives of the previous nations.
The SÃ»rah warns people of the terrible punishment of the Day of QiyÃ¢mah for those who reject the truth and stubbornly oppose it. At the end AllÃ¢h says, â€œThis (Qurâ€™Ã¢n) is a message for people so that they are warned by it and so that they know that He is but One deity; and so that the intelligent ones take heed from it.â€™ (verse 52).
End of the Thirteenth Juz
Beginning of the Fourteenth Juz
SÃ»rah Hijr follows SÃ»rah IbrahÃ®m. This SÃ»rah sounds a stern warning to those people who mocked RasulullÃ¢h SallallÃ¢hu â€˜alayhi wasallam message of IslÃ¢m and who called him a madman. AllÃ¢h tells such people that the Qurâ€™Ã¢n is a Reminder from AllÃ¢h which He hasâ€‘ revealed to RasulullÃ¢h SallallÃ¢hu â€˜alayhi wasallam AllÃ¢h adds: â€œWithout doubt We have revealed the Reminder and We shall certainly be its protectors. (verse 9)
AllÃ¢h consoles RasulullÃ¢h SallallÃ¢hu â€˜alayhi wasallam in this SÃ»rah by telling him that he should never allow the taunts and threats of the MushrikÃ®n to affect him because these people are following the footsteps of ShaytÃ¢n and are destined for Jahannam. AllÃ¢h declares that He is the Most Forgiving and the Most Merciful, but that He is also capable of inflicting a grievous punishment.
Addressing RasulullÃ¢h SallallÃ¢hu â€˜alayhi wasallam AllÃ¢h says, â€œWe know very well that your heart is constricted by what they (the MushrikÃ®n) sayâ€ (verse 97). In the next verse AllÃ¢h prescribes the remedy for the hurt that the KuffÃ¢r cause to RasulullÃ¢h AllÃ¢h says, â€œSo glorify the praises of your Rabb and be of those who prostrate. And worship your Rabb until the certainty (death) comes to you.*
SÃ»rah Nahl commences after SÃ»rah Hijr. AllÃ¢h opens the SÃ»rah with the words, â€œAllÃ¢hâ€™s command has arrived, so do not seek to hasten it. He is Pure and Exalted above what they associate as partners to Him.â€ AllÃ¢h rebukes the KuffÃ¢r for requesting AllÃ¢hâ€™s punishment and reminds them that the day will certainly come when they will be taken to task for their acts. Man is ungrateful to AllÃ¢h Who has provided him with various means of conveyances and animals with which he can transport himself and his heavy loads. There are great signs of AllÃ¢hâ€™s might in these for people who will ponder.
AllÃ¢h tells the MushrikÃ®n, â€œSo travel in the land and see what was the consequence of those who rejected (the message of their AmbiyÃ¢)â€ (verse 36). The civilisations of these people lie in ruins, destroyed by the consequences of their very own acts AllÃ¢h reminds man that whatever He wills shall come to pass.
Thereafter, AllÃ¢h rebukes the MushrikÃ®n for feeling ashamed and humiliated when they have a daughter; emotions that lead them to eventually bury the child alive. AllÃ¢h then discusses various bounties that He has bestowed on man; like the rains, the animals and the flourishing of vegetation after rains. AliÃ¢h also calls manâ€™s attention to the great boon of milk that AllÃ¢h miraculously produces within the bellies of animals. AllÃ¢h says, â€œFrom what is in their bellies between excrement and blood, We give you pure milk to drink, which is easily consumed.â€ (verse 66)
Thereafter, AllÃ¢h reminds man of the various types of delicious fruit that AllÃ¢h by His pure grace provides for him. Mention is then made of the bee which AllÃ¢h has inspired to build hives in mountains and trees. AllÃ¢h has charged the bees with producing honey, about which AllÃ¢h says that it is a cure for manâ€ (verse 69). All these bounties denote the existence of One AllÃ¢h because no one else can create these phenomena.
AllÃ¢h says further, â€œAllÃ¢h has given some of you preference over others in sustenanceâ€‘ (verse 71). In so doing, people are interdependent and each one serves the needs of the next, thereby allowing the smooth functioning of the system of life. Further reminding man of His bounties, AllÃ¢h says, â€œAllÃ¢h has made spouses for you from yourselves and, from these spouses, created sons and grandsons. And He has provided for you pure foods to eat. Will they believe in falsehood and show ingratitude to AllÃ¢hâ€™s favour?â€ (verse 72). Despite the fact that AllÃ¢h provides man with his sustenance and all these bounties, the KuffÃ¢r still worship â€œthings that cannot provide any sustenance for them from the skies, nor from the earthâ€ (verse 73). In addition to this, they also forbid others from treading the right path. Because of their deviant ways, AllÃ¢h will subject them to a severe punishment when He will resurrect all of mankind.
AllÃ¢h then mentions a few attributes of the Qurâ€™Ã¢n when He says that it is also â€œa guidance, a mercy and a glad tiding for those who submit.â€ (verse 89).
May AllÃ¢h grant us the ability to be conscious of His bounties and to remain steadfast upon the belief in TauhÃ®d. Ã‚mÃ®n.