The ninth TarawÃ®h begins from the start of the eleventh Juz (verse 94 of SÃ»rah Taubah) and concludes at the termination of the first quarter of the twelfth Juz (verse 49 of SÃ»rah HÃ»d).
Beginning of the Eleventh Juz.
The ending of the tenth Juz dealt with those MunÃ¢fiqÃ®n who concocted excuses to evade conscription into the Muslim army. There were also many proud MunÃ¢fiqÃ®n who saw no need to excuse themselves. The opening verse of the Juz (verse 94 of SÃ»rah Taubah) refers to those MunÃ¢fiqÃ®n who came to RasulullÃ¢h SallallÃ¢hu â€˜alayhi wasallam after the Battle of TabÃ»k. Addressing RasulullÃ¢h SallallÃ¢hu â€˜alayhi wasallam AllÃ¢h says, â€œThey will make excuses to you when you return to them. Tell them, â€˜Do not make excuses, we shall never believe you. AllÃ¢h has already informed us about your condition…â€™â€ (verse 94)
AllÃ¢h speaks about people who regard zakÃ¢h as a burden on their shoulders. AllÃ¢h says, â€œOf the villagers are those who consider what they spend as a tax and they await the illâ€‘fortunes of fate to befall you. May the ill fortunes befall them! AllÃ¢h is All Hearing, All Knowing. (verse 98)
After discussing the MunÃ¢fiqÃ®n, AllÃ¢h speaks about the Muâ€™minÃ®n in verse 100 when He says, â€œThe first to lead the way, from the MuhajirÃ®n, the AnsÃ¢r, and those who followed them with sincerity; AllÃ¢h is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. He has prepared for them such gardens beneath which rivers flow, wherein they shall abide forever. This is the ultimate success.â€
Thereafter, AllÃ¢h speaks about the Masjid of harm (Masjid DirÃ¢r), the underlying purpose of which the MunÃ¢fiqÃ®n built to promote hypocrisy and Mr among the Muslims. AllÃ¢h condemned its construction and the Muslims destroyed it. The subsequent verses make reference to the three Sahabah & who failed to participate in the expedition to TabÃ»k. They were boycotted for fifty days before AllÃ¢h announced the acceptance of their Taubah in this SÃ»rah.
SÃ»rah Yunus follows SÃ»rah Taubah. SÃ»rah Yunus also discusses the three fundamental issues of: TauhÃ®d [Oneness of AllÃ¢h], RisÃ¢lah [the Prophethood of RasulullÃ¢h SallallÃ¢hu â€˜alayhi wasallam] Ã‚khirÃ¢h [the Hereafter].
Attention is drawn to these beliefs by using occurrences and quoting momentous historical reports which serve to entrench these beliefs into the mind. Therefore, AllÃ¢h commences the SÃ»rah by stating, â€œThese are the verses of the wise Book. Are people surprised that We sent revelation to a man from among them?â€ Those who respond to the message of RasulullÃ¢h SallallÃ¢hu â€˜alayhi wasallam will be guided to salvation, whereas those who reject will be doomed to destruction and will not be saved by anyoneâ€™s intercession. AllÃ¢h then proceeds to warn people of Jahannam and convey the glad tidings of Jannah to the Muâ€™minÃ®n.
In verse 12 AllÃ¢h speaks about ungrateful people when He says, â€œWhen any adversity afflicts man, he supplicates to Us lying down, sitting or standing. When We avert the adversity from him, he continues as if he has never supplicated to Us for the adversity that afflicted him.â€
AllÃ¢h then relates the incidents of various AmbiyÃ¢ like Hadhrat NÃ»h, Hadhrat MÃ»sa and Hadhrat Yunus Alayhimus SalÃ¢m. In narrating these, AllÃ¢h impresses on man not to make the same mistakes that the people of these AmbiyÃ¢ made.
At the end of the SÃ»rah AllÃ¢h declares, â€œSay, O people! Certainly the truth has come to you from your Rabb. So whoever will be guided shall only receive guidance for himself (for his own benefit). Whoever will go astray shall only go astray to own detriment. I have not been commissioned over you. Follow what has been revealed to you and persevere until AllÃ¢h passes decision. He is the Best of the deciders.â€ (verses 108-9)
End of the Eleventh Juz
Beginning of the Twelfth Juz
SÃ»rah HÃ»d follows SÃ»rah Yunus and contains the incidents of many a past nation, describing the punishments that afflicted them because of their disbelief. Thereafter the SÃ»rah illustrates the scene of QiyÃ¢mah and the rewards and punishment to be received by various classes of people.
AllÃ¢h introduces the SÃ»rah by saying, â€œThis is a Book, the verses of which have been consolidated and then expounded (coming from) The Wise, The Informed.â€ Proceeding further, AllÃ¢h says, â€œThe responsibility for sustaining every creature on earth rests with AllÃ¢h.â€ AllÃ¢h then describes how He created the universe. AllÃ¢h challenges man to produce SÃ»rahs the like of those in the Qurâ€™Ã¢n if they feel that the Qurâ€™Ã¢n is an invention of RasulullÃ¢h it. However, even if they have to call everyone to their assistance, they will never be able to compose anything like the Qurâ€™Ã¢n.
May AllÃ¢h grant us all the ability to appreciate all the bounties that He has granted us and may He include us among His grateful servants. May AllÃ¢h also grant us the TawfÃ®q to heed His every instruction and may He save us from arrogance and pride. Ã‚mÃ®n.