The summary, of the seventh TarawÃ®h commences from the second half of the eighth Juz (beginning of SÃ»rah A’rÃ¢f), and concludes threeâ€‘quarters into the ninth Juz (up to the end of SÃ»rah A’rÃ¢f).
Much of SÃ»rah A’rÃ¢f concerns about the Ã‚khirah. In this regard AllÃ¢h instructs man to “Follow what has been revealed to you from your Rabb and, leaving Him aside, do not follow other companions” (verse 3). AllÃ¢h also says, “We shall definitely question those to whom AmbiyÃ¢ were sent and We will surely question the AmbiyÃ¢.” (verse 6)
People will be questioned about whether they followed the teachings of the AmbiyÃ¢ and the AmbiyÃ¢ will also be asked whether they fulfilled the task of propagation and about the attitude of their people. Every person will definitely have to pass the scales to have his/her acts weighed.
AllÃ¢h draws man’s attention to the fact that rejecting the truth like QiyÃ¢mah and RisÃ¢lah [prophethood] is an act of ShaytÃ¢n. To illustrate this point, AllÃ¢h mentions the disobedience of ShaytÃ¢n when he refused to prostrate to Hadhrat Ã‚dam when AllÃ¢h commanded him to do so. AllÃ¢h warns man not to act in a similar manner. AllÃ¢h also mentions that He granted man many favours when He settled him on earth and also granted him honour by commanding the angels to prostrate before his father Hadhrat Ã‚dam Alayhis SalÃ¢m. However, despite all these boons, man is still ungrateful.
Later in the SÃ»rah, AllÃ¢h cautions man not to transgress the limits that AllÃ¢h has set because “AllÃ¢h does not like those who transgress.” AllÃ¢h declares that He has forbidden all acts of immodesty, be they secret or public. He has also forbidden people from ascribing partners to Him and from ascribing false statements to Him. This is referred to in verse 33 where AllÃ¢h says, “And that you say against AllÃ¢h what you do not know.”
In verse 40 AllÃ¢h says, “Indeed those who deny our verses and are arrogant towards them, the doors of the heavens will not be opened to them and they will not enter 3annah until a camel enters through the eye of a needle.” It will therefore be impossible for them to enter Jannah. On the other hand, the righteous ones have been promised entry into Jannah. Therefore, the Mu’minÃ®n should respond to AllÃ¢h’s call with hope in His mercy and fear for His punishment because AllÃ¢h’s mercy is definitely close to the righteous ones.
Thereafter AllÃ¢h relates the incidents of several AmbiyÃ¢ and states how the nations of these AmbiyÃ¢ refused to accept the truth, thereby inviting AllÃ¢h’s punishment to annihilate them. These incidents are intended to be lessons for people so that they accept the message of RasulullÃ¢h SallallÃ¢hu â€˜alayhi wasallam.
End of the eighth Juz
Beginning of the Ninth Juz
After narrating these incidents AllÃ¢h says, “When your Rabb extracted from the backs of the children of Ã‚dam their progeny and called them to witness over themselves saying, â€˜Am I not your Rabb?’ They replied, â€˜Certainly! We attest to it.'” (verse 172)
AllÃ¢h then says that those people who are greedy and live only to fulfil their desires are like dogs that pant with their tongues hanging out. AllÃ¢h has made Jahannam for these people because “They have hearts with which they cannot understand, they have eyes with which they cannot see and they have ears with which they cannot hear. (In fact) They are like animals, but even more deviated.” (verse 179)
AllÃ¢h tells RasulullÃ¢h SallallÃ¢hu â€˜alayhi wasallam it that if the KuffÃ¢r call him a wizard or a madman, he should not heed their taunts and should tell them that he is a warner to them and a bearer of glad tidings to those who will accept his message. AllÃ¢h also explains to RasulullÃ¢h SallallÃ¢hu â€˜alayhi wasallam that he should bear the harassment of the KuffÃ¢r with tolerance so that any reaction of his should not obstruct the propagation of IslÃ¢m.
In verse 199 AllÃ¢h enjoins RasulullÃ¢h SallallÃ¢hu â€˜alayhi wasallam saying, “Adopt forgiveness, enjoin what is right and ignore the ignorant.” In addition to this, AllÃ¢h also commands RasulullÃ¢h SallallÃ¢hu â€˜alayhi wasallam to engage in dhikr morning and evening in the heart as well as verbally. We should pray to AllÃ¢h to grant us the ability to accept the Prophethood of RasulullÃ¢h SallallÃ¢hu â€˜alayhi wasallam both verbally and practically. May He also grant us conviction in the Ã‚khirÃ¢h and make us among those who can sincerely ask from Him. Ã‚mÃ®n.